The Daily 5 is something that students have been working on regularly over the past few months and we are now in full-swing with the students signing up, rotating around and working independently at each of the 5 centres.
What is Daily 5? It's an un-interrupted Literacy Block that happens most mornings, from 9:15ish - morning recess.
We focus on both Reading and Writing. At the Reading centres, students can do Read to Self, Read to Someone, or Listen to Reading. At the Writing centres, students can do Work on Writing or Word Work. As students work, I call individuals or small groups to the Teachers' Table and run Guided Reading Lessons. Not only are students engaged in the Language Curriculum, but Learning Skills are a focus as well: Responsibility, Independent Work, Initiative, Organization, Collaboration and Self-Regulation.
Student choice is a big part of Daily 5; so long as they do a Reading and a Writing centre, they can choose from *many* of the options that we've modelled as a whole class.
Word Work We've learned the procedures for how to use our spelling materials; how to set them up, how to use them, and how to tidy them up. We realized that it's important to spell our words correctly when we're writing, because we care about our ideas and the people who will read them. Spending time practicing our spelling (and our printing) will help us to become not only better spellers, printers and writers, but also better readers!
Here are just a few of the centres that are in rotation
1) Create a Word Search - choose six words that you KNOW how to spell, copying from the Word List, a book, a poster in the room, our daily schedule etc., and take the time to print them properly (no capitals, proper sizing etc.) Once they’re listed, you can fill in the boxes to create a word search for your peers!
2) Make a List – choose five words that you KNOW how to spell, copying from the Word List, a book, a poster in the room, our daily schedule etc., and take the time to print them properly on our printing paper (no capitals, proper sizing etc.) Once they’re printed, choose one or two words to use in a sentence.
3) Practice Spelling - each week, there's a new challenge with new words and students follow wrtten instructions.
4) Sight Word Tallies - read a book and make a tally mark every time you read 1 of 5 sight words (e.g., and, the, to, it, I - OR use the Word List to pick 5 other Sight Words)
5) Scrabble Scramble - use the Sentence posted on the window to create words from the Sight Words list, or other words you know. Then, write the addition sentences to find out how many points your word is worth!
Work on Writing:
There are SO many different types of writing students can experiment with in their Writing Journals:
- fictional stories from their imagination
- non-fiction re-tellings of events that have happened
- re-tellings of a favourite story
- ABC books
- 'How To' instructions
Students write words first, then pictures second. If they don't finish a text during one centre, then they can bookmark it and go back to it the following day. It's important that as they write, they use Self-Regulation and remember to use the 5 Finger Editing Checklist that we've developed:
Read to Self:
There are 3 main ways to read a book:
1) Read the pictures & tell your own story
2) Re-Tell a favourite story, reading the pictures and reading some of the words
3) Read all the words practice fluency & voice
Another favourite has been to play "I Spy", flipping the pages and spying some of the sight words that we've been practising off the 100 Most Frequently Used Words List.
Elephant & Piggie have become some of our favourite characters and their book bin is always in high demand!
Read to Someone:
Similar to Read to Self, this is with a partner. Students sits Elbow to Elbow and Knee to Knee, with the book in the middle, so they both can see ; )
- Take turns reading a page/sentence to one another
- Read as each other's echoes (1 reads a sentence, then 2 repeats the sentence)
- Read chorally (like a 'choir', together at the same time)
- Read side by side and share interesting parts of the texts, ask each other questions, support one another with reading strategies
Listen to Reading:
At the computer centre, students can visit various Literacy Websites:
BookFLIX (message me for TDSB FREE login & password)
At our Listening Centre, students listen to a CD and follow along with the text in the book! They notice how the readers are reading with voice and expression, and after a few listens, the students try to read along with them.
Guided Reading at the Teacher's Table
Small groups are called to read levelled books with me at the Teacher's Table. We use books from the Reading A to Z Library and practice recognizing sight words as well as strategies for sounding out unknown words:
- Look at the picture
- First Letter Sound + Picture
- Chunking (e.g., look for smaller words inside the big word)
- Skip & Come Back
- Stretch it out and say it in slow-mo, saying each sound
- Does it make sense?
We pause as we read and ask questions:
- I am thinking ...
- I am noticing ...
- This reminds me of ...
- I wonder why ....
- I like this part because ...
- I think ____ will happen next because ...
- This is confusing because ...
Ask your son or daughter about their experience with the Daily 5 Literacy Centers! You can use these prompts that are posted in the class and that we discuss daily.
Happy Reading and Writing!
In our Room 108 Classroom Community, we foster an engaging, respectful and caring environment. I aim to balance a consistent program with flexible responsiveness to students' individual needs.